The ambition of the new plan being prepared by the bloc is to set up common responses to threats in the external environment. At the same time, it wants to improve collective capabilities, set clear objectives and ensure greater cohesion within the EU.

In the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, preparations continue for the Allies' second most important document, the NATO Strategic Concept. The Secretary General's role in this process is "to bring the member states to a compromise that each of them can sign up to," says BARBORA MARONKOVÁ. Disagreements between allies, she says, "are not a modern phenomenon" and are not at all counterproductive.

They started with the rhetoric of hospitality, now they talk about cheap labour when it comes to migrants. Turkish politicians are using the growing Arabophobia as a tool to secure electoral favours and to blackmail the West. The Union will be dragging its feet until it modernises its own asylum policy.

The Slovak representative on the EU's Political and Security Committee expects the bloc to clearly define its defence ambitions through the Strategic Compass. The plan, which is supposed to be a response to the current challenges of European security, "will also be helpful for NATO," says MICHAL KOMADA.

Beijing is changing the shape of its own foreign policy. It wants to look like a power to the world and is moving away from a diplomatic tone. The emphasis is on the domestic audience to which it is emphasising its strength, says China expert RICHARD Q. TURCSANYI.